Writing Children’s Stories


Whereas fiction and nonfiction books inform, entertain, observe, and have an effect on adults, their children’s counterparts change and mildew who children are and swap into and subsequently carry an additional accountability.

“As adults, we’re used to the inaccuracies, distortions, half-truths, and white lies served up in print,” according to Jane Yolen in her e e e e-book, “Writing Books for Children” (The Writers, Inc., 1973, p. 3). “We look at cynically, with a sort of built-in despair we often disguise as sentimentality… We’re already modified, you see.”

Children, having nonetheless to lose their innocence, look at with an open coronary coronary coronary coronary heart and a pure soul, which exudes notion, actuality, love, and unquestioning notion. It is that notion that offers the essence of their creativeness, enabling them to create the world of their heads that they suppose reveals the one on the bottom of them.

“… The native climate of nice writing for youngsters are the equal as these of nice writing for adults,” Yolen continues (ibid, p. 3). “At situations, nonetheless, their utility must be adjusted for readers with further restricted info and experience.”


Children’s literature can trace its roots to the books that first appeared in Western Europe. Childhood, then not thought-about a separate enchancment stage, was seen as belonging to “small adults” who nonetheless wished to be guided and instilled with the acceptable morals.

“Until merely simply recently, an uncommon attribute of juvenile books in all cultures has been the didactic top quality, using leisure to instruct readers in ethical and social conduct,” elements out Connie C. Epstein in her e e e e-book, “”The Work of Writing for Children” (Archon Books, 1991, p. 6).

The still-undesignated pattern emerged for two causes. Positive e e e e-book subjects and varieties, at first, turned in pattern with youthful readers, and publishers, secondarily, realized that there was enterprise potential in producing them, thus sparking a separate pattern.

Very early, nonetheless later-famous titles included Aesop’s Fables, written by William Canxton in 1484, “The Hare and the Tortoise,” “Ol’ Yeller,” “Tales of Mother Goose,” “Robinson Crusoe,” “Gulliver’s Travels,” and translations of “Grimm’s Fairytales” from the German and “Hans Christian Anderson” from the Danish.

As children’s literature developed, it increasingly assumed a fantasy theme with such classics as “Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland” of 1865, “The Story of Peter Rabbit”,” The Wind all by way of the Willows,” “Winnie-the-Poo,” and “The Wizard of Oz.”

One completely totally different rising methodology was that of realism, which enabled authors to hunt out and seize the lives of actual people. Appropriately-known titles embrace Louisa May Alcott’s “Little Ladies,” Margaret Sidney’s “The 5 Little Peppers” of 1880, and Laura Ingalls Wilder’s “Little Dwelling all by way of the Giant Woods” of 1932.

One among many principle distinguishing traits of kids’s literature is its dual-artistic make-up-that is, it selections every textual content material materials supplies and illustrations. The earlier the supposed age, the higher is the proportion of the latter.

“Not solely has children’s literature produced constructive writers,” explains Epstein (ibid, p. 5), “it has produced a home for gifted graphic experience. All by means of the historic earlier of the type, illustrations and design have been thought-about an integral part of writing for the youthful in distinction to the largely decorative function they served all by way of the manufacturing of grownup books. At situations, in reality, the photographs accompanying a story have proved to be further memorable than the textual content material materials supplies… “

It was not until 1918, or elevated than a century beforehand, that the Macmillan Publishing Firm established the first separate and purposeful juvenile editorial division and public libraries created devoted children’s rooms not solely to level books, nonetheless whereby to hold readings and absolutely completely totally different events.


Whereas adults browse bookstores and Internet web pages for titles that spark curiosity in them, children’s literature is simply not principally purchased, a minimal of all by way of the early ranges, by the readers themselves. In its place, it should first go the “mom or father and librarian exams,” as every buy what they take into account will serve the tutorial and leisure desires of youthful people and they also moreover, in flip, resolve the accuracy of those who signify them. Primarily based upon age and creating character, they could or may not agree with their purchasers.

Age moreover signifies an additional parameter. Whether or not or not or not it’s early ample, “discovering out” would possibly entail an act executed to them, not by them.


Genres are as broadly assorted for youngsters as they’re for adults and embrace picture, how-to, social science, pure science, and biography books, along with fictional teenage tales and novels. The author, nonetheless, must make further determinations earlier than he undertakes such a juvenile disadvantage, along with the subsequent.

1) Centered age group.

2) Chosen pattern: fiction, ingenious nonfiction, pure nonfiction, poetry.

3) Matter.

4) Measurement: This varies from 1,500 phrases for picture books to 50,000 phrases for novels with out illustrations.

Whereas there can also be variations between age group designations, the subsequent can perform a information.

1) Beginning Reader: Books associated for this group are usually the picture type, are look at by mom and father, lecturers, and librarians, and facilitate the tutorial course of by incorporating participation that allows readers to repeat phrases and sounds to foster discovering out.

2) Heart Grade: Books for this 8- to 12-year-old group, which could present broadly assorted subjects, can span between 10,000 and 30,000 phrases, be subdivided into chapters, and embrace few illustrations.

3) Older Readers: A third longer than middle grade books, older reader literature, for these on the point of the teenage years, can embody quite a lot of subjects, notably all by way of the fictional pattern, nonetheless usually give consideration to the altering relationships between ladies and boys and will perform peer group themes. The author, nonetheless, should flip into effectively versed in age-appropriate actions, components, speech, and expressions to create believable plots and characters. Phrases akin to “That’s so cool” and “That’s so rad” can shortly change with age and progressing interval.


Tantamount to writing environment nice literature for youngsters is the pliability to know and seize the age-appropriate perspective of the supposed reader. This workshop discusses picture books, story books, thought books, alphabet books, familiar-theme tales, campfire tales, and fantasy tales.


As its designation implies, picture books are visually attention-grabbing to children ensuing from their abundance of illustrations, which every inform and help the story with the exact textual content material materials supplies whose phrase rely is often low. Considered one of these literature, in all probability elevated than one totally different, would possibly go away the author with the dilemma of being every a creator and an illustrator, the latter of which might presumably be earlier his effectivity, thus leaving him with the gathering of hiring a collaborative artist or hoping for the same old publishing residence contract, whereby case the graphics are created in it.

Because of the prevalence of images, it is usually questioned if this pattern constitutes a e e e e-book with illustrations or a gaggle of illustrations supported by phrases.

“Primarily, there are two views of a picture e e e e-book,” according to Yolen (op. cit., p. 22). “The precise actuality is that it is a palette with phrases. The second is that it is a story with illustrations. People who ascribe to the first view are artists. Most writers subscribe to the second. Every are right.”

Collaboration, whereby a fusion of the respective ingenious abilities occurs, is the essential challenge to the type’s top quality. And whereas the textual author is prone to be not an illustrator himself, what he writes stays to be, in essence, his story and he desires to provide enter and path.

There are three fundamentals to producing such books.

1) Simplicity: Attributable to their readers’ undeveloped minds, they should incorporate a single, simplistic thought and positively not pretty quite a few ones. Early-age understanding and conceptualization is proscribed.

2) Enchancment: E book lengths are equally restricted, usually spanning between 32 and 48 pages of textual content material materials supplies and illustrations and embrace the title, the copyright, and the dedication. Footage ought to illustrate the story’s movement.

3) Readership: Picture books should first enchantment to the mom and father and librarians who purchase them after which to the children who will each look at them or have them look at to them.


“The storybook tells a small story in quite a few phrases,” advises Yolen (ibid, p. 29). “It is simple, nonetheless not simple-minded. Fairly direct, it usually has a small cast of characters, and runs not than 15 type-written pages… (It) might be full of magic or thriller or nonsense.”


Thought books care for ideas, components, and concepts in a ingenious methodology that every amuses and teaches children contained inside the kindergarten to third grade fluctuate. Entailing a selected thought, which is then expanded, they’ll focus on and illustrate such topics as what’s time, what is the distinction between giant and little, what’s rain, the place do animals sleep at evening time, and the place does the image voltaic go after darkish.


Although alphabet books are finest introductions for beginning readers and for describing and illustrating one challenge as elementary as their A-B-C’s, they sound deceptively simple. Nonetheless doing so successfully and creatively may be further sturdy than envisioned.

Of their highest form, they perform a capital letter and a picture illustrating the phrase that begins with it on each web web net web page, akin to “A for apple” and “B for boat.” Nonetheless as a e e e e-book, it ought to include a collective theme or some side which strings the alphabetical packages collectively. If it entails animals, then the letters should counsel them, as in “A for aardvark” and “B for buffalo,” and might be supported by prose or poetry strains like “Aardvarks’ noses are odd, equal to the dimensions of a rod.”


Although antiquated and medieval story themes that embrace conquered dragons, fought battles, maidens obtained, and chivalrous deeds mustn’t related for up to date readers, loads of their components and characters maintain legit if the author remolds them and affords them a gift plot. Refreshed, they could nonetheless incorporate the equal morals and packages, nonetheless.

“Of us tales and fairytales are a manner of having a look at life, and they also moreover carry important messages to the acutely conscious, pre-conscious, and unconscious ideas… ,” according to Yolen (ibid, p. 52). “They supply new dimensions to the child’s creativeness, suggesting to him pictures with which he can development his daydreams.”

“Good Hall” tales are these whereby the hero or heroine experiences one magical journey after one completely totally different looking for a selected reward and mustn’t not like these characters in modern situations who pursue a path, usually paved with inside and exterior antagonists, to grasp a selected function or dream.

These Good Hall tales usually have tag openings, akin to “As shortly as upon a time.”


There are Four kinds of so-called “campfire tales.”

1) Cumulative tales: Nice for very youthful readers or listeners, cumulative tales, which may very well be simplistic in nature, are often look at so many situations that children begin to memorize them, resulting in classics. Examples embrace Henny Penny and The Dwelling that Jack Constructed.

2) Talking animal tales: The three integral elements of such tales, which embrace the likes of The Three Bears, The Three Little Pigs, and The Three Billy Goats Gruff, are animals that debate with human voices, a simplistic lesson that outcomes from them, and good good for early readers.

3) Silly tales: As its title implies, any such story usually encompasses a numskull character who does one challenge so outrageous that it ends up being comical. A narrative written by Ann McGarren, as an illustration, entails an individual and his son who search to commerce their donkey at a close-by truthful, nonetheless are unable to hunt out out the acceptable technique to get “the merchandise” there.

4) Magic tales: Characterised by enchantment, magic tales incorporate witches, wizards, giants, ogres, magical animals and objects, and intelligent men and women, nonetheless the author should infuse them with an revolutionary or up to date angle, supplied that theme has been exhaustively used.


Fantasy tales might be categorized by these which begin realistically, nonetheless shortly merge and morph into uncommon, astonishing, or dreamlike adventures.

In an essay entitled “On Fairy Tales,” J. R. R. Tolken, of “The Hobbit” fame, wrote, “Fantasy entails the sub-creative work that would presumably be a secondary world whereby components happen with arresting strangeness.”

“Fantasy and poetry are pure for youngsters,” stresses Yolen (ibid, p. 53). “The world itself is new to them. A literature which celebrates newness is as pure to them on account of the world itself.”

Echoing this sentiment, C. S. Lewis wrote, “The fairytale is accused of giving children a misunderstanding of the world they dwell in. Nonetheless I take into consideration no literature that children would possibly look at affords them a lot rather a lot a lot much less of a misunderstanding. I take into consideration what professes to be intelligent tales… are far more further liable to deceive theme.”

There are three elementary fantasy story kinds.

1) Earthbound: Although, on account of the designation suggests, the story’s movement takes place all by way of the “actual world,” pretty quite a few of its characters may be fantastical and possess beyond-human capabilities. Take into consideration “Mary Poppins” and her surreal powers.

2) Fairy: Named after the legendary land the place fairy creatures allegedly dwell, all actions occur on this extra-terrestrial setting. The Hobbit is an occasion of one among these tales.

3) Vacationer: A character from the bizarre, earthly world travels to a selected time, place, and even dimension, and all his experiences and adventures play on the market obtainable available on the market. Two notable “vacationer” books embrace The Wizard of Ozand Alice in Wonderland.


There are a selection of traits to fantasy writing.

1) Notion: The author and reader alike might want to have an unquestioning notion all by way of the story, its setting, its characters, and its plot. “You merely hand over your self to your fantasy, if only for the time you are writing it,” advises Yolen (ibid, p. 57).

2) Elements: There are a selection of components that enhance the created fantasy.

a) Place, at first, have to be compelling and provide a selected seen image all by way of the reader’s ideas, so that he can immerse himself on this legendary, magical world. One methodology for doing so is substituting widespread phrases with fantasy-evoking ones, akin to “tunnel cupboard” or “wizard’s warren,” along with descriptions that change this imaginary location from the creator’s to the reader’s ideas.

b) The characters, secondly, ought to point radical departures in title, bodily description, movement, and even language from the widespread specific specific particular person.

“The place a intelligent novelist would possibly get away with a sloppy bodily description, a hasty pan all by the alternate options of a excessive participant, the fantasist should work in cautious close-ups,” advises Yolen (ibid, p. 62).

Would you, as an illustration, know what a hobbit seems to be like like with out having look at the e e e e-book by the equal title?

On account of characters do not exist in actual life, every the magic and strategy of recreating all of them by way of the reader’s ideas is through vivid half. These particulars will transcend their bodily descriptions, nonetheless. The author should absolutely conceptualize their nature-that is, their personalities, motivations, strengths, deficiencies, and quirks, or how and why they’re top-of-the-line methods by which they’re. A hobbit, as an illustration, is a home physique and likes to smoke, drink pints of beer, and inform prolonged tales.

Fantasy characters would possibly shake after they flip into moist in rain storms or tremble after they see their reflections in mirrors. As occurs in quite a few books, actuality or fictional, there may be every good protagonists and evil antagonists all by way of the creator’s legendary land. Most importantly, these characters have to be illustrated by means of communication means, mannerisms, actions, and strategies of dwelling and being.

“Toto,” Dorothy talked about after arriving all by way of the Land of Oz, “we’re not in Kansas anymore.”

Your story should not occur anyplace remotely resembling it each.

c) Vogue, the third methodology, ought to embrace phrase play and sometimes even poetry. Take into consideration the subsequent line. “An earlier turtle coach’s title was Tortoise, not because of he was one, nonetheless because of he taught us.”

“The creator lights many candles in an excellent fantasy novel,” according to Yolen (ibid, p. 67). “The shadows they cast in a toddler’s soul will last for the rest of his life.”


Novels are longer tales spanning as a lot as 50,000 phrases, with developed characters and plots, subdivided into chapters. Nonetheless the precept character, or protagonist, performs a further important place in them than in grownup fiction.

On account of the youthful reader invariably identifies with him if he is of the equal approximate age, this must be the guiding rule for the creator who elects to undertake such a difficulty. How he behaves, thinks, and feels, based upon his residence life, experiences, character, and present enchancment, is integral to how he affords with and reacts to the story’s characters and events. Undoubtedly, character and plot are so inextricably tied, that the earlier should present rise to the latter as a pure extension.

“The truth that characters have a lifetime of their very personal moreover signifies that characters are plot,” according to Yolen (ibid, p. 91). “A certain kind of specific specific particular person will reply to stimuli in certain strategies. Inserting a person beneath a microscope is certainly what an excellent novel does. The best manner by which your chosen specific specific particular person strikes is a goodly portion of plot.”


Like absolutely completely totally different genres, nonfiction requires further functionality, provided that evaluation and presentation of knowledge have to be coupled with age-appropriate language and development. The youthful the reader, the higher have to be its creativity as a method to take care of his curiosity, usually requiring a singular angle. There are fairly a couple of nonfiction subjects. Four have been talked about beneath.

1) Biography: The most effective strategy to provide biographies for youthful people is to hunt out the human being behind the masks of historic earlier.

2) Historic earlier: Histories require the connection between earlier and present events. “A gradual enchancment of events or info makes for a fragile reader,” advises Yolen (ibid, p. 83). “While you allow your self many digressions or detours or irrelevancies, your e e e e-book will seemingly be too refined for even principally possibly in all probability essentially the most refined reader. Like an excellent thriller e e e e-book, the great historic nonfiction e e e e-book unfolds tis clues.”

3) Science: Ambiance nice science e e e e-book writing entails age-appropriate language, presentation, footage, and examples that straight comprise the reader and utilizing metaphors, whose pictures enable him to relate unknown concepts with these which could be. A laptop computer laptop program, as an illustration, might be thought-about the “recipe” that the laptop computer laptop itself follows.

4) How-To: How-to literature can embrace cook- and craft books, whose cornerstone is simplicity, readability, and precision. Every recipe or disadvantage have to be outfitted with easy-to-follow, sequential instructions.


There are 5 items that may significantly enhance the writing of kids’s literature.

1) The 5 Senses:

The 5 senses, along with sight, sound, scent, contact, and magnificence, not solely current the channels by means of which readers can vicariously experience a e e e e-book’s settings, characters, and scenes, nonetheless they’re notably important in creating realism to beginner and early ones. They every resolve with the characters and forge a reference to them when their feelings and reactions are equal to their very personal.

“For plenty of who want to write for youngsters, remembering to include sensory a part of their work is especially important, because of it is the essence of childhood,” elements out Epstein (op. cit., p. 16). “Impressions are strongest when expert for the first time, and the child is bombarded by a model new sensation inside the midst of rising up.”

2) Setting:

Along with characterization and plot, setting is among the many many many three most important narrative elements. It every impacts the characters’ personalities and the plot’s movement.

“All settings, no matter how unremarkable, might be made specific specific specific particular person, and skillful visualization is simply not solely essential for authenticity, it fixes what’s going on on to the reader’s memory,” according to Epstein (ibid, p. 28).

Dramatic impact is achieved by describing a setting with a extremely extremely efficient impressions after which progressing to the smallest.

There are three potential story settings.

a) Panorama or the floor environment.

b) Indoor or inside setting.

c) The cultural background and customs of the characters.

“Background affords the reader one challenge to try, establishes setting, and helps make a story emotionally sturdy.” (Epstein, ibid, p. 39).

Take into consideration the subsequent fast passage.

“When Jonathan wakened, he knew one challenge was not applicable. There was no gentle coming by means of his curtains. His room was darkish. His mom did not yell for him to eat breakfast. There was no scent of bacon. He slowly obtained out of bed and tiptoed to his curtain. Peeking behind his curtain, he seen mounds of snow piled exterior. There was no chance that college was occurring all through the current day.”

3) Dialogue:

Age- and personality-appropriate dialogue, coupled with movement and sometimes personal thought (inside monologue), is the principle methodology an author can create characterization and exhibit it to his readers.

“Speech is a vital part of storytelling, bringing immediacy to a scene and revealing character,” wrote Epstein (ibid, p. 41). “For one topic, it suggests how earlier an adolescent is, and writers for youngsters ought to spend considerable time matching vocabulary with the age of the child being portrayed… Nothing punctures the plausibility of a children’s story pretty as fast as a teen speaking all by way of the formal phrases {{{{that a}}}} middle-aged coach would possibly use… “

Because of the speedy enchancment of kids, it couldn’t always be potential to take advantage of actual phrases and phrases. In its place, the author ought to specific their perspective, viewpoint, and methodology, and do not forget that there are important variations between dialogue involving these which may very well be 5, ten, and fifteen.

Speech moreover varies according to personalized, family background, and geographic location. A seven-year-old from Massachusetts, as an illustration, will focus on in a single totally different technique than one from rural Iowa who grew up on a farm, and their vocabulary will seemingly be specific to these environments.

As with adults, dialogue turns into the secondary expression of personality-that is, it reveals if the character is shy, indignant, agitated, introverted, glad, accepting, loving, or aggressive.

4) Characters:

Characterization entails expressing character and individualization by means of bodily look, mannerisms, speech, actions, feelings, reactions, and inside monologue. Although character is all by way of the technique of being developed at youthful ages, it is nonetheless present. Of us may be fact-oriented, desirous about sports activities actions actions actions, warmth and supportive, humorous, combative, or avoidant, and these components can fluctuate according to circumstance and mood.

Actions, even of a easy nature, exhibit this. A assured, good scholar, as an illustration, would possibly immediately enhance her hand to answer a question at school, whereas an insecure one would possibly flip into flushed and conceal behind a textbook. The earlier would possibly sit all by way of the first row and the latter all by way of the ultimate phrase.

All people has a singular methodology of negotiating life and fictional characters must be given theirs.

“To create full characterization, the creator blends speech, unspoken concepts, and actions collectively, exploring amusing and touching contrasts that make up an individual character,” according to Epstein (ibid, p. 53).

On account of that is associated to children’s literature, their personalities must be associated to their ages and the circumstances of the plot.

Most vital character or protagonist creation might be augmented by determining the conflicts he should deal with-that is, with himself, with others, with a social or peer group, or with the environment.

5) Plot:

An inciting incident that places the precept character or protagonist all by way of the midst of change and sparks his need for one challenge; the sequence of events, illustrated in scenes and utilizing every expository and narrative writing, he must barter; a climax; and a various are the elemental elements of a plot.

“Whatever the matter, (plot) ought to provide fascinating potentialities for movement, dialogue, and description, so that the creator can work on creating all three components of a scene and see your entire dramatic impression,” advises Epstein (ibid, p. 67).

Creation of plot development might be aided by considering the subsequent Four components.

a) Urge: What is the protagonist’s need or function?

b) Barrier: Who or what stands in top-of-the-line methods by which of his need or function?

c) Wrestle: What are the obstacles and conflicts, every inside and exterior, that the protagonist must beat to grasp his function?

d) Willpower: How, why, and when does he accomplish that?


1) Determine your targeted age group.

2) Understand the children’s e e e e-book market: After you might need determined the age fluctuate in your story or e e e e-book, it have to be associated all by way of the subsequent components: matter, dimension, mannequin, and plot complexity.

3) Create memorable characters: Since children make investments time in following the journey of the protagonist, they need to resolve with him or her, mirroring their very personal strengths, weaknesses, and character traits as a method to create that kindred-spirit connection.

“In an effort to create characters and settings that they hope will seemingly be acquainted and relatable to children,” according to Jenny Bowman, a children’s e e e e-book editor, “aspiring authors usually end up with tales about nondescript little ladies and boys dwelling in an unspecified metropolis and dealing with often components. And as a rule, these tales are merely plain boring. Children acknowledge and relate to emotions expressed by characters, and relatability is essential, nonetheless relatable wouldn’t must level an equal. Drawback the established order and subvert the default settings. For people who’re writing a story about barely boy who ought to develop as a lot as be a correctly being care supplier, ask your self: What would happen if the little boy was a robotic?”

4) Create an attractive story: Collaborating tales for adults, or for youngsters as envisioned by adults, may not principally be the equal as these which youthful readers take into consideration so. It have to be about age-appropriate topics, experiences, components, and views. Very important to teen enchancment are tales whereby children are the heroes (not a rescuing grownup), driving the movement, making picks, and combating obstacles and challenges. (Observe {{{{that a}}}} childhood obstacle may be to have his biggest pal accept his cousin, and positively not how he will pay his mortgage on the highest of the month.) Plots must be created for instance the work’s theme, which itself might be outlined on account of the notion or lesson reached due to the story’s stepping stones. Some themes embrace loyalty, actuality, and friendship, nonetheless have to be child-appropriate. Betrayal, as an illustration, should not be illustrated by the invention of a dishonest affiliate, nonetheless in its place by a backstabbing biggest pal.

5) Cultivate your author voice: Although it is reasonably essential create and defend a selected voice, which might be outlined as “character on paper,” this is not further liable to be appreciated and even understood by youthful readers. Nonetheless, there are some stylistic strategies to ponder.

a) Use age-appropriate vocabulary, conserving in ideas {{{{that a}}}} child’s still-developing concepts is incapable of understanding refined, multi-syllabic phrases, a minimal of all by the early years. He would possibly understand the phrase “glad,” as an illustration, nonetheless not “jovial” or “elated.” Alternatively, the author ought to refrain from “speaking down” to his readers is that if they’ve been mentally handicapped.

b) Avoid rhyming verse: Till you’ve purchased acquired mastered the strategy of manufacturing rhyming couplets, such on account of the time-immortal “Jack and Jill went up the hill,” and are writing for toddlers who may be further positively influenced by the rhyming sounds than their phrases’ definitions, stay away from this mannequin.

6) Determine your need for an illustrator: Picture books, associated for very youthful children who evaluation further from seen pictures than vocabulary, are these which incorporate comparatively equal ratios of textual content material materials supplies to illustrations. While you propose to jot down such a bit and self-publish it, you will require an informed illustrator in case your specific specific particular person potential to generate work is minimal. Take into consideration the subsequent sources for such artists: The Society of Children’s E book Authors and Illustrators and/or Reedsy.

Sooner than you select an illustrator, resolve his mannequin, top quality, and methodology by inspecting his portfolio; purchase value quotes in writing; and be certain that meeting-of-the-minds expectations are author and illustrator an equal.

Article Sources:

Epstein, Connie C. “The Work of Writing for Children: Experience and Strategies of the Craft.” Hamden, Connecticut: Archon Books, 1991.

Yolen, Jane. “Writing Books for Children.” Boston: The Creator, Inc., 1973.

Source by Robert Waldvogel

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